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Vehicle Safety Watch List released on

September 20, 2017

Statistical support provided by Quality Control Systems Corp. for The Safety Institute, sponsored by Ken and Beth Melton in memory of their daughter, Brooke Melton.


The Safety Institute’s Quarterly Vehicle Safety Watch List -Tracking Top 15 Potential Vehicle Defects to Watch

The Safety Institute’s Vehicle Safety Watch List Analytics and NHTSA Enforcement Monitoring Program is sponsored by Ken and Beth Melton in memory of Brooke Melton, who died in a 2010 crash caused by the sudden failure of the ignition in her 2005 Chevy Cobalt. Brooke Melton, 29, died when she skidded into another vehicle after the ignition module of her 2005 Cobalt slipped into the accessory position. Documents and evidence developed in the Melton case found that GM knew about the ignition switch problem as early as 2001. Ken and Beth Melton, of Cobb County, Georgia, decided to provide ongoing support to the significant research and analysis that the Watch List provides, in hope of preventing future tragedies.

This is the most current of our quarterly reports monitoring potential vehicle defect trends and the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration’s recall and enforcement activities. These reports will help the public recognize the early signs of emerging, potential problems in the U.S. fleet. The reports also help to identify continuing potential failures to effectively fix issues that are already known.   (Read More)

CLICK HERE FOR PRESS RELEASE

The Safety Institute does not claim the chart below is a list of defects, but rather these are areas that potentially need more investigation and to prioritize limited resources.

Based on Death and Injury Claims in the Early Warning Reports System to the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration
(Click on a vehicle name below to obtain potentially related consumer complaints to NHTSA.)
Rank This Period

Vehicle and Component

Component Definition

Notes
12015 JEEP GRAND CHEROKEE 4×4
Power Train
Power TrainInvestigations,
and recall
22014 JEEP GRAND CHEROKEE 4×4
Power Train
Power TrainInvestigations,
and recall
3

2016 FORD EXPLORER
Other

OtherInvestigation for Fuel System,
No recalls
4

2007 CHEVROLET IMPALA
Electrical

ElectricalNo Investigations,
but recall
5

2016 TOYOTA TUNDRA
Structure

StructureNo Investigations,
but recall
6

2015 FORD EXPLORER
Fuel System

Fuel SystemInvestigations,
No recalls
7

2012 CHRYSLER 300
Power Train

Power TrainInvestigation,
and recall
8

2014 MAZDA MAZDA6
Structure

StructureNo Investigations,
No recalls
9

2015 MAZDA MAZDA6
Structure

StructureNo Investigations,
No recalls
10

2013 CHRYSLER 300
Power Train

Power Train Investigation,
and recalls
11

2008 CHEVROLET IMPALA
Electrical

ElectricalNo Investigations,
but recall
12

2016 FORD F-150
Visibility

Visibility

No Investigations,
No recalls

13

2013 NISSAN ALTIMA
Latch

LatchNo Investigations,
but recalls
14

2012 GMC ACADIA
Structure

StructureNo Investigations,
but recall
15

2007 MERCEDES BENZ GL
Fire Related

Fire Related

No Investigations,
No recalls

DEFINITIONS AND TERMINOLOGY

  • Air Bags

    Air Bag means an air bag or other automatic occupant restraint device (other than a “seat belt”) installed in a motor vehicle that restrains an occupant in the event of a vehicle crash without requiring any action on the part of the occupant to obtain the benefit of the restraint. This term includes inflatable restraints (front and side air bags), knee bolsters, and any other automatic restraining device that may be developed that does not include a restraining belt or harness. This term also includes all air bag-related components, such as the inflator assembly, air bag module, control module, crash sensors and all hardware and software associated with the air bag. This term includes all associated switches, control units, connective elements (such as wiring harnesses, hoses, piping, etc.), and mounting elements (such as brackets, fasteners, etc.).
  • Electrical System

    Electrical System means any electrical or electronic component of a motor vehicle that is not included in one of the other reporting categories enumerated in subpart C of this part, and specifically includes the battery, battery cables, alternator, fuses, and main body wiring harnesses of the motor vehicle and the ignition system, including the ignition switch and starter motor. The term also includes all associated switches, control units, connective elements (such as wiring harnesses, hoses, piping, etc.), and mounting elements (such as brackets, fasteners, etc.).
  • Engine and Engine Cooling

    Engine and Engine Cooling means the component (e.g., motor) of a motor vehicle providing motive power to the vehicle, and includes the exhaust system (including the exhaust emission system), the engine control unit, engine lubrication system, and the underhood cooling system for that engine. This term also includes all associated switches, control units, connective elements (such as wiring harnesses, hoses, piping, etc.), and mounting elements (such as brackets, fasteners, etc.)
  • Electronic Stability Control

    Electronic Stability Control or ESC system means a system that has all of the following attributes:
    (1) That augments vehicle directional stability by applying and adjusting the vehicle brake torques individually to induce a correcting yaw moment to a vehicle;
    (2) That is computer-controlled with the computer using a closed-loop algorithm to limit vehicle oversteer and to limit vehicle understeer;
    (3) That has a means to determine the vehicle’s yaw rate and to estimate its side slip or side slip derivative with respect to time;
    (4) That has a means to monitor driver steering inputs;
    (5) That has an algorithm to determine the need, and a means to modify engine torque, as necessary, to assist the driver in maintaining control of the vehicle; and
    (6) That is operational over the full speed range of the vehicle (except at vehicle speeds less than 20 km/h (12.4 mph), when being driven in reverse, or during system initialization).
  • Engine and Engine Cooling

    Engine and Engine Cooling means the component (e.g., motor) of a motor vehicle providing motive power to the vehicle, and includes the exhaust system (including the exhaust emission system), the engine control unit, engine lubrication system, and the underhood cooling system for that engine. This term also includes all associated switches, control units, connective elements (such as wiring harnesses, hoses, piping, etc.), and mounting elements (such as brackets, fasteners, etc.)
  • Fire

    Fire means combustion or burning of material in or from a vehicle as evidenced by flame. The term also includes, but is not limited to, thermal events and fire-related phenomena such as smoke and melt, but does not include events and phenomena associated with a normally functioning vehicle such as combustion of fuel within an engine or exhaust from an engine.
  • Foundation Brake

    Foundation Brake system means all components of the service braking system of a motor vehicle intended for the transfer of braking application force from the operator to the wheels of a vehicle, including components such as the brake pedal, master cylinder, fluid lines and hoses, brake calipers, wheel cylinders, brake discs, brake drums, brake pads, brake shoes, and other related equipment installed in a motor vehicle in order to comply with FMVSS Nos. 105, 121, 122, or 135 (except equipment relating specifically to the parking brake). The term includes all associated switches, control units, connective elements (such as wiring harnesses, hoses, piping, etc.), and mounting elements (such as brackets, fasteners, etc.).
  • Fuel System

    Fuel System means all components of a motor vehicle used to receive and store fuel, and to transfer fuel between the vehicle’s fuel storage, engine, or fuel emission systems. This term includes, but is not limited to, the fuel tank and filler cap, neck, and pipe, along with associated piping, hoses, and clamps, the fuel pump, fuel lines, connectors from the fuel tank to the engine, the fuel injection/carburetion system (including fuel injector rails and injectors), and the fuel vapor recovery system(s), canister(s), and vent lines. The term also includes all associated switches, control units, connective elements (such as wiring harnesses, hoses, piping, etc.), and mounting elements (such as brackets, fasteners, etc.)
  • Latch

    Latch means a latching, locking, or linking system of a motor vehicle and all its components fitted to a vehicle’s exterior doors, rear hatch, liftgate, tailgate, trunk, or hood. This term also includes, but is not limited to, devices for the remote operation of a latching device such as remote release cables (and associated components), electric release devices, or wireless control release devices, and includes all components covered in FMVSS No. 206. This term also includes all associated switches, control units, connective elements (such as wiring harnesses, hoses, piping, etc.), and mounting elements (such as brackets, fasteners, etc.).
  • Power Train

    Power Train means the components or systems of a motor vehicle which transfer motive power from the engine to the wheels, including the transmission (manual and automatic), gear selection devices and associated linkages, clutch, constant velocity joints, transfer case, driveline, differential(s), and all driven axle assemblies. This term includes all associated switches, control units, connective elements (such as wiring harnesses, hoses, piping, etc.), and mounting elements (such as brackets, fasteners, etc.).
  • Rollover

    Rollover means a single-vehicle crash in which a motor vehicle rotates on its longitudinal axis to at least 90 degrees, regardless of whether it comes to rest on its wheels.
  • Service Brake System

    Service Brake System means all components of the service braking system of a motor vehicle intended for the transfer of braking application force from the operator to the wheels of a vehicle, including the foundation braking system, such as the brake pedal, master cylinder, fluid lines and hoses, braking assist components, brake calipers, wheel cylinders, brake discs, brake drums, brake pads, brake shoes, and other related equipment installed in a motor vehicle in order to comply with FMVSS Nos. 105, 121, 122, or 135 (except equipment relating specifically to a parking brake). This term also includes systems and devices for automatic control of the brake system such as antilock braking, traction control, stability control, and enhanced braking. The term includes all associated switches, control units, connective elements (such as wiring harnesses, hoses, piping, etc.), and mounting elements (such as brackets, fasteners, etc.).
  • Steering System

    Steering System means all steering control system components, including the steering system mechanism and its associated hardware, the steering wheel, steering column, steering shaft, linkages, joints (including tie-rod ends), steering dampeners, and power steering assist systems. This term includes a steering control system as defined by FMVSS No. 203 and any subsystem or component of a steering control system, including those components defined in FMVSS No. 204. This term also includes all associated switches, control units, connective elements (such as wiring harnesses, hoses, piping, etc.), and mounting elements (such as brackets, fasteners, etc.).
  • Structure

    Structure means any part of a motor vehicle that serves to maintain the shape and size of the vehicle, including the frame, the floorpan, the body, bumpers, doors, tailgate, hatchback, trunk lid, hood, and roof. The term also includes all associated mounting elements (such as brackets, fasteners, etc.)
  • Suspension System

    Suspension System means all components and hardware associated with a motor vehicle suspension system, including the associated control arms, steering knuckles, spindles, joints, bushings, ball joints, springs, shock absorbers, stabilizer (anti sway) bars, and bearings that are designed to minimize the impact on the vehicle chassis of shocks from road surface irregularities that may be transmitted through the wheels, and to provide stability when the vehicle is being operated through a range of speed, load, and dynamic conditions. The term also includes all electronic control systems and mechanisms for active suspension control, as well as all associated components such as switches, control units, connective elements (such as wiring 2 harnesses, hoses, piping, etc.), and mounting elements (such as brackets, fasteners, etc.).
  • Vehicle Speed Control

    Vehicle Speed Control means the systems and components of a motor vehicle that control vehicle speed either by command of the operator or by automatic control, including, but not limited, to the accelerator pedal, linkages, cables, springs, speed control devices (such as cruise control) and speed limiting devices. This term includes, but is not limited to the items addressed by FMVSS No. 124 and all associated switches, control units, connective elements (such as wiring harnesses, hoses, piping, etc.), and mounting elements (such as brackets, fasteners, etc.).
  • Visibility

    Visibility means the systems and components of a motor vehicle through which a driver views the surroundings of the vehicle including windshield, side windows, back window, and rear view mirrors, and systems and components used to wash and wipe windshields and back windows. This term includes those vehicular systems and components that can affect the ability of the driver to clearly see the roadway and surrounding area, such as the systems and components identified in FMVSS Nos. 103, 104, and 111. This term also includes the defogger, defroster system, the heater core, blower fan, windshield wiper systems, mirrors, windows and glazing material, heads-up display (HUD) systems, and exterior view-based television systems for medium-heavy vehicles, but does not include exterior view-based television systems for light vehicles which are defined under “Backover prevention system” and exterior lighting systems which are defined under “Lighting.” This term includes all associated switches, control units, connective elements (such as wiring harnesses, hoses, piping, etc.), and mounting elements (such as brackets, fasteners, etc.).

 

 

Click here for underlying EWR claims

Vehicle Safety Watch List released on 6/24/14 | Vehicle Safety Watch List released on 10/2/14 |

Vehicle Safety Watch List Released on 2/6/15 |  Vehicle Safety Watch List released on 9/7/15 |

Vehicle Safety Watch List released on 1/17/16 | Vehicle Safety Watch List released on 3/16/16 |

Vehicle Safety Watch List released on 5/5/16 | Vehicle Safety Watch List released on 8/24/16 |

Vehicle Safety Watch List released on 11/7/16 | Vehicle Safety Watch List released on 3/1/17 |

Vehicle Safety Watch List released on 8/7/17 |

For methods, see Injury Prevention 2004; 10:88-92, not based on simple counts.
Database: Death and Injury Claims in NHTSA’s Early Warning Reporting System as of July 25, 2017.
Consumer complaints are also provided for background and context.
For more information email:  [email protected]
This list Copyright © 2017 Quality Control Systems Corp.